Amateur Mycologist Makes New Mushroom-Plant Companion Discovery

Radical Mycology’s long time friend, Pat Rasmussen with Edible Forest Gardens in Olympia, made an incredible amateur mycological discovery the other day. Pat regularly installs perennial gardens in the Olympia area, often with the Elm Oyster mushroom (Hypsizygus ulmarius) as a potential companion for the plants. But when a local big-name mushroom farm accidentally sent her the wrong kit, she ended up installing the Nameko mushroom (Pholiota nameko) instead. 5 months later, the result were incredible. The perennial Aronia plants (similar to blueberries) planted in the area with the mushroom bed grew over twice as large as those plants grown without the mushroom companion. And the grape plants in the area did much better as well. As with all great scientific discoveries, this accident leads to a new realm of exploration in the field of plant companioning.

Why do some decomposing fungi help plants grow? The answer isn’t clear. In the book Mycelium Running, Paul Stamets worked with a research student to determine whether specific saprotrophic mushrooms would be beneficial to certain food plants if grown in proximity. After a season of growth and various plant and mushroom pairings, a few strong results surfaced. Notably, the Elm Oyster was found to dramatically increase Brassica plant growth and yield, while other pairings (such as normal Oyster mushrooms [Pleurotus spp.] paired with Brassicas) were shown to actually be detrimental to the plants. The exact reason for this is unknown. As both these mushroom species are aggressive decomposers, it can’t simply be the nutrient and carbon dioxide release. Perhaps specific enzymes being released by the Elm Oyster works to stimulate the Brassica plant’s roots or supports the soil flora. Chances are, there might be many more beneficial plant-mushrooms pairings that have yet to be discovered.

Pat’s accidental discovery is notable for 3 main reasons: 1) the Nameko mushroom has not been previously cited as a known food plant companion, 2) the dramatic results from pairing this decomposing fungus (as opposed to a mycorrhizal fungus) with a perennial plant is interesting as most better known plant-(decomposing) mushroom companionings (such as the Elm Oyster with Brassicas) are often done with annual plants and 3) Pat is an amateur mycologist! As mycology is such a young field, new discoveries are made all the time, especially by non-professionals or academics. By adding to the world of mycological knowledge, Pat is taking part in the citizen science aspect of mycology. While this pairing should be further tested to determine true efficacy, this is exactly the kind of exciting discovery we support and are inspired by at Radical Mycology. Kinda makes you wanna go play with mushrooms.

9 responses

  1. Ian Thompson

    This could be as simple a nutrient release from organic matter decomposition. Right?

    November 15, 2013 at 6:06 pm

    • daley shitzke

      could be, i’ve a hunch it’s probably a bit more complex though

      November 15, 2013 at 10:38 pm

  2. Way to go Pat!!! You are my personal hero.

    November 15, 2013 at 8:47 pm

  3. Why do you say most mushroom-plant companionings are with annuals?

    November 15, 2013 at 8:53 pm

  4. Wow! I love this. Truly fascinating.

    November 15, 2013 at 9:34 pm

  5. Aronia blooms in April or May, before the mushroom patch was installed. Look at around 2:12 in the video…..there is a fruit bearing branch attached ~40 inches off the ground. No way was this plant as short as she’s suggesting in the spring.

    November 17, 2013 at 5:16 am

  6. jon

    how are mushroom beds installed, or how does one go about ‘sowing’ mushrooms spores?

    December 2, 2013 at 3:55 pm

  7. Hey…Nice Blog
    This blog gives me knowledgeable information for mushroom plant as I want to know.

    December 7, 2013 at 6:44 am

  8. drfunguy

    Interesting observation. I have to take issue with the statement that:
    “As both these mushroom species are aggressive decomposers, it can’t simply be the nutrient and carbon dioxide release.”
    Unless you are measuring nutrient release you can’t assume that both mushrooms release similar amounts of the same compounds during decomposition.
    I have observed apparent growth stimulation of plants, in fairy rings (Marasmius oreades and Chlorophyllum spp.) with grasses, chip beds with Stropharia and Psilocybe and various grasses or forbs, and other circumstances. My humble opinion is that the simplest explanation, mineralization of nitrogen, is most likely correct until other data suggest something different. That said there are many species of fungi and plants and lots more to learn about their interactions. This is the sort of observation that could lead to discovering new relationships.

    February 20, 2014 at 9:27 pm

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